mkirilova, 15 април, 2021
1. James promises to rake his uncle`s court in exchange for his uncle`s promise to pay him a hundred dollars. In this exchange, the nephew offers his uncle an advantage, a tidy court, in exchange for his uncle`s promise to pay him a hundred dollars. There are a few exceptions to the requirement to take into account. In the common law, the old one does not count, but in these cases, no consideration is necessary: if a prescribed promise is revived, if a void obligation is asserted, if a promise is negatively based on a promise (i.e. it is a promise) or if a court simply finds that the lender has a moral obligation to keep the promise. It should be noted, however, that the courts cannot enforce the entire undertaking and, on the contrary, require the promiseor to pay only the amount he received because of the invocation of the promise. However, a valid reflection that has been made in the past to support a promise may, in certain circumstances, form the basis of another subsequent contract. These occur when a person`s obligation to act for one reason or another has no longer become binding. If the person then makes a new promise on the basis of the unsatisfied obligation of the past, the new promise will be binding without further consideration. There are three types of cases. The situation is not consensual and satisfactory in the situation in which a party has a pre-existing obligation and will be offered an advantage in fulfilling its obligations.
If the only consideration offered to the project is an act or obligation to act in order to carry out a pre-existing obligation, there is no valid contract. As Denney v. points out. Reppert (section 11.4.2 “Reflection: Prior Obligation”), there is no legal prejudice to the undertaking of undertaking what it is already required to do. If a person is promised an advantage of not doing what they are not already allowed to do, there is no quid pro quo. David is sixteen years old; His uncle promised him $50 if he quit smoking. The promise is unenforceable: legally, David must already give up smoking, so he promised not to give up anything on which he had a legal right. As noted above, the difficulty arises when it is not known whether a person already has an obligation or if unforeseen difficulties have been encountered to justify the recognition that the parties have amended the contract or entered into a renovation.